Michaela Hynie


President of the Canadian Association of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS)

Dr. Hynie is a faculty member in the Department of Psychology and the Centre for Refugee Studies at York University, where she leads the Program Evaluation Unit. Dr. Hynie’s research focuses the development and evaluation of interventions that can strengthen social and institutional relationships to improve health and well-being in different cultural, political and physical environments.

She is particularly interested in social integration and inclusion in situations of social conflict or forced migration. Her work in Canada, Rwanda, Kenya, India and Nepal has been funded by Grand Challenges Canada, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Dr. Hynie is currently leading a 5 year longitudinal study comparing support needs and integration pathways and their impact on long-term health and well-being for Privately Sponsored and Government Assisted Refugees in B.C., Ontario and Quebec. She is also President of the Canadian Association of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies (CARFMS).


Email: mhynie@yorku.ca

Social integration and inclusion in situations of social conflict or forced migration

  • Hynie, M. (in press). Social determinants of refugee health. In N. Arya & T. Piggot (Eds.) (pp 202-223). Under-served:Health determinants of indigenous, inner-city and migrant populations in Canada.  Toronto, CanadaCanadian Scholars.
  • Hynie, M. (2018). Canada’s Syrian refugee program, intergroup relationships and identities. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 50(2), 1-14.
  • Hynie, M. (2018). Refugee integration: Research and policy. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 24(3):.265-276.
  • Hynie, M. (2018). The social determinants of refugee mental health in the post-migration context: A critical review. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63(5).297-303. doi/10.1177/0706743717746666
  • Korntheuer , A., Hynie, M., Korn, A., Shimwe, B., & Homa, L. (2018). Education pathways: policy implications for refugee youth in Germany and Canada. In S. Pashang, N. Khanlou, & J., Clarke (Eds.). Youth and mental health—Hope, power, and resilience.  (pp. 287-304). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction. New York: Springer.
  • Hamidi, F., Owuor, P.M., Hynie, M., Baljko, M., & McGrath, S. (2017). Potentials of digital assistive technology and special education in Kenya. In C. Ayo, & V. Mbarika (Eds.), Handbook of Research on sustainable ICT adoption and integration for socio-economic development (pp. 151-169). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
  • Hynie, M., Qasim, K., & Das, M. (2017). Access to health care in Canada. In A. Korntheueur & P. Pritchard (Eds.). Structural context of refugee integration in Canada and Germany. GESIS Series, 15 (pp. 81-86). Cologne, Germany: GESIS—Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences.
  • Islam, F., Amanprett, M., Hynie, M., Shakya, Y., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Mental health of South Asian youth in Peel Region: Determinants, coping strategies, and service access. BMJ Open, 7(11):e018265.
  • Jones, J.M. & Hynie, M. (2017). Similarly Torn, Differentially Shorn? The experience and management of conflict between multiple identities: Do the types of identities matter? Frontiers in Psychology—Social and Personality Psychology. 8:1732, 1-16
  • Oda, A., Tuck, A., Agic, B., Hynie, M., Roche, B., & McKenzie, K. (2017). Health needs and services use of newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto: A cross-sectional study. CMAJ Open5, E354-358.
  • Ali, H., Dumbuya, B., Hynie, M., Idahosa, P., Keil, R.,& Perkins, P. (2016). The social and political dimensions of the Ebola response:  Global inequality, climate change, and infectious disease. In W. Leal Filho, U.M. Azeiteiro, & F. Alves, Eds. Climate change and health: Improving resilience and reducing risks (pp. 151-169). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.
  • Hynie, M., Ardern, C. I., & Robertson, A. (2016). Emergency room visits by uninsured child and adult residents in Ontario, Canada: What diagnoses, severity and visit disposition reveal about the impact of being uninsured. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 9 pp. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-016-0351-0
  • Hynie, M. & Changoor, T. (2016). Employment pathways for refugees, Part 1: Barriers on the pathway to a good job and the importance of getting there. Canadian Diversity, Special Issue: Refugee Pathways13(2), 31-35.
  • Hynie, M., Korn, A., & Tao, D. (2016). Social context and social integration for Government Assisted Refugees in Ontario, Canada (pp. 183-227). In M. Poteet & S. Nourpanah (Eds.), After the flight: The dynamics of refugee settlement and integration. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.
  • Hynie, M., MacNevin, W., Prescod, C., Reider, B., & Schwartzentuber, L. (2016). The morning after: Stakeholder reflections on the sustainability of a community-campus engagement center in the changing environment. Metropolitan Universities Journal, 27(3), 27-46.
  • King, R., Hynie, M., Mukashema, I., Habineza, J.P., Kubwimana, G., & Musindarwego, A. (2016). Integrating, complementary or just different? Western and Rwandan approaches to clinical counseling. Critical and Radical Social Work, 4(2), 231-248.
  • Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2016). Naïve dialecticism and indecisiveness: Mediating mechanism and downstream consequences. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (47) 263-276 DOI: 10.1177/0022022115613861
  • Yusa, A., Hynie, M., & Mitchell, S. (2016). Utilization of internal evaluation results by community mental health organizations: Credibility in different forms. Evaluation and Program Planning, 54, 11-18
  • Guruge, S., Shakya, Y., & Hynie, M. (2015) Refugee youth and migration: Using arts-informed research to understand changes in roles and responsibilities. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(3), 36 pp.
  • Singh, M., Hynie, M., Rivera, T., Macisaac, L., Gladman, A., & Cheng, A. (2015). An evaluation study of the implementation of stroke best practice guidelines using a Knowledge Transfer Team approach. Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing, 37(1), 24-33
  • Bohr, Y. & Hynie, M. (with L. Armour). (2015). Focusing on resilience in Canadian immigrant mother’s mental 
health. In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society (pp 233-245). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.
  • Hynie, M., Umubyeyi, B., Gasanganwa, M.C., Bohr, Y., McGrath, S. & Umuziga, P.  (with B. Mukarusanga) (2015). Community resilience and community interventions for post-natal depression: Reflecting on maternal mental health in Rwanda.  In Khanlou N. & Pilkington B. (Editors). Women’s mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society. (pp 343-356). Advances in Mental Health and Addiction (Series Editor: Masood Zangeneh). New York: Springer.
  • Hynie, M., McGrath, S., Young, J. E., E., & Banerjee, P. (2014). Negotiations of engaged scholarship and equity through a global network of refugee scholars. Scholarly and Research Communication Journal, 5(3), 18 pages. Article ID 0301164.
  • Korn, A., Coric, K., & Hynie, M. (2014). Working with vulnerable populations: best practices, innovation and impact. Canadian Diversity. 11(1, Spring), 106-109.
  • McGrath, S., King, R. & Hynie, M. (2014). Social services and transnationalityTransnational Social Review – Special Issue: Social Services and Transnationality  (4(2-3), 117-119.
  • Ng, A. & Hynie, M. (2014). Cultural differences in indecisiveness: The role of naïve dialecticism. Individual and Personality Differences,70, 45-50.
  • Salahi, R., Hynie, M., & Flicker, S. (2014) Factors associated with access to sexual health services among immigrant teens in Toronto. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, (16)4, 638-645.
  • Shakya, Y. B., Guruge, S., Hynie, M., Htoo, S., Akbari, A., Jandu, B., Spasevksi, M., Berhane, N., & Forster, J. (2014). Newcomer refugee youth as ‘resettlement champions’ for their families: Vulnerability, resilience and empowerment. In L. Simich & L. Andermann (Eds.), Refuge and resilience: Promoting resilience and mental health among resettled refugees and forced migrants (pp. 131 -154). New York, USA: Springer.
  • Uskul, A. & Hynie, M. (2013). The role of self-aspects in emotions elicited by threats to physical health. Psychology & Health. DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2013.843683
  • Hynie, M., Shakya, Y., & Guruge, S. (2012). Intergenerational relationships through the eyes of Afghan, Karen and Sudanese refugee youth in Canada: Role reversal or resettlement champions? Journal of Canadian Ethnic Studies, 44 (3), 11-28.
  • Ng, A., Hynie, M., & MacDonald, T. (2012). Culture moderates the exhibition and pliability of ambivalent attitudes. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43, 1313-1324. doi: 10.1177/0022022111429718
  • Jibeen, T. & Hynie, M. (2012). Perceptions of autonomy and life satisfaction in Pakistani married immigrant women in Toronto, Canada.Sex Roles, 67(1), 1-16. doi: 10.1007/s11199-012-0130-x
  • Casale, M., Rogan, M., Hynie, M., Flicker,S., Nixon, S., & Rubincam, C. (2011). ‘Gendered’ perceptions of HIV risk in a high HIV-prevalence setting and implications for prevention programming. African Journal of AIDS Research, 10 (S1), 301-310. doi:10.2989/16085906.2011.637728
  • Crooks, V.A., Hynie, M., Killian, K., Giesbrecht M., & Castleden H. (2011) Female newcomers’ adjustment to life in Toronto, Canada: Sources of mental stress and their implications for delivering primary mental health care.  GeoJournal, 76(2), 139-149. doi 10.1007/s10708-009-9287-4
  • Hynie, M., Crooks, V. A., & Barragan, J. (2011). Rebuilding informal social support networks: Strategies and challenges for Canadian newcomer women. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 43(4), 26-46. Publication date: 2011-12-01
  • Hynie, M., Johnny, M., Jensen, K., Phipps, D., & Wedlock, J. (2011). Student learning from community engagement graduate internships. Education and Training, 53(1), 45-56. doi 10.1108/00400911111102351
  • Lai, Y. & Hynie, M. (2011). A tale of two standards: An examination of young adults’ endorsement of gendered and ageist sexual double standards. Sex Roles64(5-6), 360-371.  doi10.1007/s11199-010-9896-x
  • Lai, Y. & Hynie, M. (2010). Community engagement and well-being of immigrants: The role of knowledge. Canadian Issues, summer/ete 2010, 93-97.
  • Shakya, Y., Guruge, S., Hynie, M., Akbari, A., Malik, M., & Htoo, S., Khogali, S. A. M., Murtaza, R., & Alley, S. (2010). Aspirations for higher education among newcomer refugee youth in Toronto: Expectations, challenges, and strategies. Refuge27, 65-78.
  • Su, C. & Hynie, M. (2010). Effects of life stress, social support and cultural norms on parenting styles among Mainland Chinese, European-Canadian and Chinese-Immigrant mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1-19.:doi: 10.1177/0022022110381124
  • Rogan, M., Hynie, M., Casale, M., Jobson, G., Flicker, S., Nixon, S. & Dawad, S. (2010). What about peer norms?  Evidence on gender, violence and HIV risk from a poor urban community in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of AIDS Research, 9(4), 355-366.​