Lucia Lo


Chair of the Department of Geography at York University (2009-2013)

Professor Lo's research interests spans many areas. Using a political economy approach, her work on the Chinese diaspora focuses primarily on changing settlement patterns, business structures, consumer behaviour, and labour market performance. Her work on immigrant settlement and integration includes the provision, access and use of settlement service, labour market performance, immigrant entrepreneurship and ethnic economy, and the role of ethnic banks on immigrant integration. Currently, she examines highly skilled migration between China, Canada and the United States.
She received her PhD, Department of Geography from University of Toronto,
Her Master’s, Department of Geography from McMaster University, and
Bachelor’s (Summa Cum Laude), Departments of Economics and Geography from McMaster University.

She has been the Chair of the Department of Geography at York University from 2009 – 2013.
Leader at the Transportation and Commerce Thrust, Geomatics for Informed Decision Making NCE (GEOIDE) from 2003-2005.
Leader at the Economics and Labour Market Domain, CERIS - The Ontario Metropolis Centre from 2002-2006.
Undergraduate Program Director, Department of geography at york University from 1998-2001.
Member, Editorial Board, Geographical and Environmental Modelling from 1996-2002.
Councillor at the Canadian Regional Science Association from 1995-2001.


Phone: (416) 736-5621

Her research interests include: Changing settlement patterns, business structures, consumer behaviour, labour market performance, access and use of settlement service, labour market performance, immigrant entrepreneurship and ethnic economy, and the role of ethnic banks on immigrant integration.

  • Li, W. and Lo, L. with Xu, J. 2017. US minority depository institutions at the dawn of the 21st century. Papers of Applied Geography. P1-19. (2017)
  • Meinhard,A., Lo, L. & Hyman, I. 2016: Cross-Sector Partnerships in the Provision of Services to New Immigrants in Canada: Characteristics, Relevance and Constraints, Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, DOI: 10.1080/23303131.2015.1117558 (2016)
  • Lo, L. and Teixeira, C. 2015. Immigrants Doing Business in a Mid-sized Canadian City: Challenges, Opportunities and Local Strategies in Kelowna, British Columbia. Growth and Change. DOI: 10.1111/grow.12103. (2015)
  • Lo, L. and Teixeira, C. 2015. Sustaining immigrant entrepreneurship in small- and medium-sized cities. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies. 1 (2): 146-162. doi: 10.1177/2393957515594322 (2015)
  • Li, W., Lo, L. and Oberle, A. 2014. The embeddedness of bank branch networks in immigrant gateways. The Canadian Geographer, 58(1): 48-62. (2014)
  • Li, W. and Lo, L. 2012. New geographies of migration? A Canada-US comparison of highly skilled Chinese and Indian migration. Journal of Asian American Studies. 15 (1): 1-34. (2012)
  • Lo, L., Shalaby, A., and Alshalalfah, B. 2011. Case study: Relationship between immigrant settlement patterns and transit use in the Greater Toronto Area. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 137, 470-476. (2011)
  • Preston, V. and Lo, L. 2009. Ethnic enclaves in multicultural cities: new retailing patterns and new planning dilemmas. Special issue on Welcoming Communicities: Planning for Diverse Populations.Plan Canada, February, pp. 72-74. (2009)
  • Lo, L. 2009. The role of ethnicity in the geography of consumption? Urban Geography. 30 (4): 391-415. (2009)
  • Wang, L., Rosenberg, M. and Lo, L. 2008 Ethnicity and utilization of family physicians - a case study of Mainland Chinese immigrants in Toronto, Canada. Social Science and Medicine, 67(9):1410-1422. (2008)
  • Li, W. and Lo, L. 2008. People-money co-movement and the ethnic financial sectors in Canada and the US. Migracijske i etnicke teme, 24(4):301-322. (2008)
  • Teixeira, C., Lo, L., and Truelove, M. 2007. Ethnic entrepreneurship, institutional discrimination and related policy issues: a case study in Toronto. Environment and Planning C, 25: 176-193. (2007)
  • Wang, L. and Lo, L. 2007. Global connectivity, local consumption, and Chinese immigrant experience. GeoJournal, 68: 183-194. (2007)
  • Wang, L. and Lo, L. 2007. Immigrant grocery shopping behaviour: ethnic identity versus accessibility. Environment and Planning A, 39: 684-699. (2007)
  • Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2005. Chinese Immigrants in Canada: their changing composition and economic performance. International Migration, 43(3): 35-71. (2005)
  • Lo, L. and Zhuang, Z. C.2005. Immigrants, communities and urban planning. Urban Planning Overseas, 2: 11-17, in Chinese. [English version in B.M. Massam and S.S. Han (eds.), Urban Planning Overseas 2005: Special Issues on Urban Planning in Toronto, pp. 16-29, Toronto: Urban Studies Program, York University]. (2005)
  • Lo, L. and Wang, L. 2004. A political economy approach to understanding the economic incorporation of Chinese sub-ethnic groups, Journal of International Migration and Integration, 5: 107-140. (2004)
  • Lo, L., Teixeira, C., and Truelove, M. 2003. Polish and Somali entrepreneurship and the building of ethnic economies in Toronto. Espaces Populations et Sociétés, 1: 167-181. (2003)
  • Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2000. Economic impacts of immigrants in the Toronto CMA: a tax-benefit analysis. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 1: 273-303. (2000)
  • Preston, V. and Lo, L. 2000. ‘Asian theme’ malls in suburban Toronto: land use conflict in Richmond Hill. The Canadian Geographer, 44: 182-190. Also published in an earlier version as “Who is a Canadian? Chinese immigrants in Toronto suburbs”, Kanada Studien, 2000, 21-36.(2000)
  • Lo, L. and Teixeira, C. 1998. If Quebec goes, . . .: the exodus impact? Professional Geographer, 50: 481-498. (1998)
  • Miron, J. and Lo, L. 1997. A selection bias approach to destination choice. Geographical Analysis, 29: 145-168. (1997)
  • Lo, L. and Wang, S. 1997. Settlement patterns of Toronto’s Chinese immigrants: convergence or divergence? Canadian Journal of Regional Science, 20: 49-72. (1997)
  • Lo, L. 1994. Exploring teenage shoplifting behaviour: a choice and constraint approach. Environment and Behaviour, 26: 613-639. (1994)
  • Lo, L. 1992. Destination interdependence and the competing destinations model. Environment and Planning A, 24: 1191-1204. (1992)
  • Lo, L. 1991. Spatial structure and spatial interaction: a simulation approach. Environment and Planning A, 23: 1279-1300. (1991)
  • Lo, L. 1991. Substitutability, spatial structure and spatial interaction. Geographical Analysis, 23: 132-146. (1991)
  • Lo, L. 1990. A translog approach to consumer travel behaviour. Journal of Regional Science, 30: 393-413. (1990)
  • Lo, L., Preston, V., Wang, S., Basu, R. and Anisef, P. 2015. Social Infrastructure and Vulnerability in the Suburbs. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.(2015)
  • Lo, L., Yu, S. and Li, W. 2017. Between China and North America: Highly-skilled Chinese migration. In Wong, L. (ed.) , Trans-Pacific Mobilities: The Chinese in Canada, University of British Columbia Press, pp. 138-166. (2017)
  • Lo, L. and Li, W. 2016. Chinese immigrants and North American based institutions. In Frazier, J., Tettey-Fio, E.L., and Henry, N.F. (eds) Race, Ethnicity and Place in a Changing American, 3rd edition. SUNY Press. pp 297-306. (2016)
  • Li, W., and Lo, L. 2015. Financing Immigrant Small Businesses in the US and Canada. In Teixeira, C. and Li, W. (eds.) The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in North American Cities. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (2015)
  • Lo, L.. 2011. Immigrants and social services in the suburbs. In Young, D., Wood, P. B., and Keil, R. (eds.) In-Between Infrastructure: Urban Connectivity in an Age of Vulnerability. Praxis (e) Press. Pp. 131-150. (2011)
  • Lo, L. and Li, W. 2011. Economic experiences of immigrants. In Teixeira, C. and Li, W. Immigrant Geographies in North American Cities. Toronto: Oxford University Press, pp. 112-137. (2011)
  • Lo, L. 2009. Ethnic economies. In R. Kitchen and N. Thrift (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Vol. 1, pp. 608-614. Oxford: Elsevier. (July 2009)
  • Lo, L. 2009. Methods: Sampling. In R. Kitchen and N. Thrift (eds.), International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Vol. 10, pp. 1-10. Oxford: Elsevier. (July 2009)
  • Lo, L. 2008. DiverCity Toronto: Canada’s Premier Gateway City. In M. Price and L. Benton-Short (eds.), Migrants to the Metropolis: The Rise of Immigrant Gateway Cities. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, pp. 97-127.
  • Lo, L. and Wang, S. 2007. The new Chinese business sector in Toronto: A spatial and structural anatomy of medium- and large-sized firms. In E. Fong and C. Luk (ed.), Chinese Ethnic Businesses: Global and Local Perspectives. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 64-85.
  • Wang, S. and Lo, L. 2007. What does it take to achieve full integration? Economic (Under)Performance of Chinese Immigrants in Canada. In V. Agnew (ed.), Interrogating Race and Racism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp.168-201.
  • Lo, L. 2006. Changing geography of Toronto’s Chinese ethnic economy. In D. Kaplan and W. Li (eds.), The Landscapes of Ethnic Economy. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 83-96.
  • Lo, L. and Wang, L. with Wei, L. 2006. “Consuming Wal-Mart: A Case study of Shenzhen, China”, In S. Brunn (ed.) Wal-Mart’s World. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 315-330.
  • Lo, L. 2006. Suburban housing and indoor shopping: the production of the contemporary Chinese landscape in Toronto. In W. Li (ed.), Suburban Asian Immigrant Communities: from Urban Enclaves to Ethnoburbs. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp.134-154.
  • Preston, V., Lo, L., and Wang, S. 2003. Immigrants’ economic status in Toronto: stories of triumph and disappointment. In P. Anisef and M. Lanphier (eds.), The World In A City. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 192-262.
  • Lo, L. 2002. The Great Malls: Mississauga’s Chinese Community. In F. Dieterman (eds.), Mississauga: The First Ten Thousand Year. Mississauga: The Mississauga Heritage Foundation, pp. 265-278.
  • Lo, L. 1993. Book Review on “The Migration of Labour” by Oded Stark. Annals of Regional Science, 27:371-373.
  • Lo, L. 1984. Book Review on “Residential Location Markets and Urban Transportation: Economic Theory, Econometrics and Policy Analysis with Discrete Choice Models” by Alex Anas, Canadian Geographer, 28: 291-292.
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